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New nucleic acid testing requirements for flights, what should I do on the way back home?

Civil Aviation Resources Network, July 22, 2020 News: On July 20, 2020, the Civil Aviation Administration, the General Administration of Customs, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs jointly issued new international flight epidemic management measures. For passengers on flights to China, all personnel must be You can board the plane with a negative certificate of the new coronavirus nucleic acid test. This policy can be said to be another blockbuster measure taken by foreign defense imports following the "five ones" and "fuse policy" when the current global epidemic is still very serious.

Of course, from the perspective of passengers, it is a disguised escalation of the difficulty of returning home. Since the three ministries and commissions cherish words like gold, and the policy statements are concise and concise, with only six items, the following will analyze and interpret what each item is saying, and how to prepare for the road to return under the nucleic acid policy.

1. Chinese and foreign passengers on flights to China shall complete nucleic acid testing within 5 days before boarding. Testing should be carried out in institutions designated or approved by Chinese embassies abroad.

First of all, this article is the core of this announcement. All personnel complete the nucleic acid test 5 days before boarding. The 5-day time requirement here, I personally understand it should be the time to get the test report, not the time point of the test. At present, under the situation of tight medical resources in various countries, there are not many countries and regions that can complete the test and get the results within 5 days, at least the United States is very difficult.

Secondly, what is not mentioned in the announcement is whether the actual boarding test will be exempted if the flight date changes due to non-subjective reasons (weather, fusing, transfer delay, aircraft failure, etc.).

Take the “fuse” policy as an example. The test has been completed within 5 days, but the flight is cancelled due to the fuse and the boarding time may exceed the 5-day time frame. This announcement does not give clear guidance on whether the nucleic acid tests performed on the previous date are still valid. For this variable, I hope that it can be explained in the specific measures of the embassies of various countries, so that the understanding of passengers and the implementation of the airlines can be unified.

In areas where there is no direct flight back home, do passengers who use the transfer mode of a third country need to obtain a test report at the place of departure or need to obtain a report at the transit place? Such problems may be encountered in actual implementation.

In this article, it is also worth noting that the testing agency needs to be an agency designated or recognized by the embassy abroad. There are many testing methods abroad, but not all certificates obtained at any location can meet the flight requirements. Everything is subject to the requirements of the local embassy, which also requires everyone to pay attention.

2. Chinese passengers take photos and upload the negative nucleic acid test certificate through the international version of the epidemic prevention health code mini program.

3. Passengers of foreign nationality shall apply to the Chinese Embassy or Consulate for a declaration of health status with a negative nucleic acid test certificate.

These two are the recognition of the test results. Uploading through the health code applet is more convenient. Since there is currently no clear policy to open the entry of foreigners, the foreign passengers referred to here should be special chartered flights for "resumption of work and production" or some special persons holding business visas, and have little to do with ordinary people. However, if such foreigners really need to come to China, the handling and implementation of nucleic acid testing is not difficult for such multinational companies.

4. Relevant airlines are responsible for checking the health code status and health status statement before boarding. Passengers who do not meet the relevant requirements cannot board the aircraft. All airlines should strictly perform inspection procedures.

This article is to clarify that the airline is the first person responsible for the nucleic acid policy. But if there are passengers who do not meet the requirements boarding, what kind of responsibilities the airline will have is actually not explained. Whether it is linked to the "fuse" mechanism or the means of imposing a fine is not yet known.

"Strictly perform inspection procedures" may seem harsh, but it is still difficult to prevent aliasing and uniform standards during implementation. At least, in the implementation of the health code, there have been discrepancies in the standards of various places. Some waypoints are spot-checked, and some places are full-handed checks.

5. Passengers who provide false certificates and information shall bear corresponding legal liabilities.

Such falsifications have already occurred when Russia implemented the nucleic acid policy, and this article should be aimed at this situation. As a returnee, holding an attitude of being responsible to oneself and others, "counterfeiting" is absolutely impossible.

6. The Chinese Embassy will carefully evaluate the nucleic acid testing capabilities of the host country and issue specific implementation measures when conditions are met.

In my opinion, this article is actually the key to the entire policy. The announcement did not mention the specific implementation date. In fact, taking into account the different situations in different countries and regions, there was no similar mistake in the "five one" period.

At present, as long as the local embassy of the country where the country is located does not issue specific implementation measures, the local flight requirements should still be implemented according to the current policy. My understanding: flights before the release of the specific measures do not need to provide nucleic acid testing.

The current consulting information received from the Consular Protection Center in the United States is that "this policy should not be implemented in a short time. The US embassy will fully consider the actual situation to formulate the policy." Therefore, if you are a friend who has bought a flight home recently, don't worry too much. However, we should always pay attention to the relevant announcements and information of the embassy.

It is precisely because of the different situations in different countries. In fact, in terms of specific implementation, it is also recommended that embassies and consulates in various regions can understand the difficulties of compatriots, and try to adhere to the principle of convenience so that nucleic acid testing can be effectively implemented. Take the United States as an example. Most of the surrounding nucleic acid testing locations are in the form of drive-through, which may cause a lot of inconvenience for students who do not have a car. In addition, the sites for nucleic acid testing are actually relatively high-risk areas. How to reduce the risk of infection in nucleic acid testing? We hope that the embassy can take into account the specific measures.

Especially in countries and regions that do not have the testing resources and conditions themselves and are extremely difficult to implement (such as Asia and Africa and other regions with tight medical resources), the embassy should assume the responsibility of coordinating local governments and supporting the implementation of testing. If the home country stipulates that asymptomatic persons are not allowed to undergo nucleic acid testing at all, then pushing all the work to the passengers who purchase the tickets is tantamount to directly sealing the door to return home.

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